The Grodno region lies in the west of Belarus. It is one of the six administrative regions (or oblasts) which make up the country.
The Grodno region of Belarus borders Poland in the west and the Lithuania in the north. It's a popular international trading partner with both Europe and Russia.
Orthodox Christianity and Catholicism are the main religions.
There are 498 cultural and historical buildings in the region, including 248 Orthodox temples, 228 Catholic churches, 17 Protestant churches, 4 mosques and 1 synagogue.
Grodno is the main city in the region. There are a further 17 districts, 12 cities – of which 6 have their own regional administrations – and 21 towns.
The Grodno region has a very good transport infrastructure.
Major international motorways between Europe and the CIS states run through the region. The main highways run to Minsk, Vilnius, Baranovichi and Brest.
The Grodno region also has a good rail network, with international lines to Poland and Lithuania.
There is also a well-developed water transport network in the Grodno region, over theRiver Neman and the River Shchara.
Tens international, republic and regional festivals and competitions take place in the Grodno region annually. The most popular of them include the Republican Festival of National Cultures and the Mir Castle Regional Festival of Arts.
The Grodno region's many well-developed sports facilities include a national Neman Olympic training centre.
Grodno is one of the most beautiful cities in Belarus, with castles and architectural monuments.
The St. UspenskyZhirovichi men`s monastery is one of the most important tourist and pilgrim destinations in Belarus. In one of the monastery temples the Zhirovichi Mother of God icon can be found.
The region's main attractions include:
By 1943 the partisans controlled about 60% of Belarusian territory. Europe's largest Jewish partisan detachment led by the Belskys brothers fought in Belarus. The heroic struggle of the detachment is depicted in a movie Defiance directed by Edward Zwick from a screenplay by Zwick and Clay Foreman. The movie premiered in January 2009.